Manpower of a Republic of Uzbekistan and their employment
Labour, scientific and technical and a mental potential
The Republic of Uzbekistan has powerful labour potential. A
manpower make almost 50 % of all population, the annual gain is made by
210-220 thousand person. Middle age of the population - 24 years.
Prominent feature of Uzbekistan is the high educational level
of his(its) population which level of literacy makes 99,06 % that puts republic
in one number with economically advanced countries.
The level general(common) and vocational training is high also. In republic
the obligatory general(common) secondary education is legislatively fixed.
In calculation on 1000 inhabitants in the age of 15 years the number having the maximum(supreme) and
incomplete higher education also is more senior has essentially increased and now makes
143 persons. 200 inhabitants from 1000 - experts with medium special education.
Everyone the fourth, borrowed(occupied) in sphere of production of goods and services, has
the maximum(supreme) or medium special education.
In republic the ramified network of educational institutions is created: 59 higher
educational institutions, 258 medium special educational institutions, from which 75 colleges.
In 1998 in the specialized maximum(supreme) and medium educational institutions it
was trained over 360 thousand students.
Nucleus of an education system are the largest university centres known
and outside republic: the Tashkent and Samarkand state universities,
University of economic and diplomacy, University of world(global) languages the
Tashkent economic university, Technical university, Agrarian university, the Conservatory,
Театрально-art institute in capital of the country.
Now in the higher school of republic the new generation of
the state educational standards providing educational, spiritual - moral,
professional requirements to experts at a present-day level in view of achievements
of the advanced countries in the field of education takes root. The organization of system of
higher education at two levels - бакалавриат and a magistracy - provides preparation of
highly skilled experts at a level of the standard world standards.
The radical image changes the order of reception in higher educational institutions. Since 1993
traditional examinations are replaced with introductory control tests - testing.
It is carried out on the uniform materials prepared by the State centre
of testing at the Government of Uzbekistan. During training
рейтинговая the system of an estimation of knowledge of students everywhere takes root.
Head establishments on preparation, retraining and improvement
of professional skill of executives of authorities and managements, experts of
economic structures are Academy of the state and public construction at
the President of a Republic of Uzbekistan, Банковско-financial academy.
Uzbekistan has large scientific and technical and a mental potential,
enough the advanced scientific base. In republic
101 scientific research institute, 55 research
divisions of high schools, 65 design organizations, 32 research-and-production
associations and experimental the enterprises, 30 информационно-computer centers operates 362 research establishments,
A nucleus of scientific potential is the Academy of sciences of a Republic of
Uzbekistan - conducting scientific and experimental centre in Tsentral'noaziatskom region.
In sphere of a science it is borrowed(occupied) about 46 thousand person, including 2,8 thousand doctors
over 16 thousand candidates of sciences. Preparation of the scientific staff of
the top skills on 20 branches of sciences is carried out.
In republic scientific schools world(global) are created. Achievements Uzbek
математиков are widely known in the field of probability theory, the differential equations, the
theory of transfer of the information which results have found wide application in hydrometeorology,
biology, mechanical engineering, computer science, at calculation and modelling various
natural and техногенных processes.
World(global) recognition researches физиков have received Uzbekistan in the field of a
nature of superconductivity in solid-state фуллеренах and synthesizing of new effective
Uzbek scientific петрологическая the school has defined a number of new directions in the
theoretical and practical researches promoting the further disclosing of
a ¿¡ÑÓá½ý¡«-source of raw materials of Uzbekistan and the Central Asia.
In Uzbekistan unique collections генофонда plants and microorganisms are created;
the botanical herbarium most full in the Central Asia is collected.
In republic researches on a history and development of culture of
Uzbekistan and the Central Asia are conducted, the Country stores(keeps) more than 50 thousand ancient
manuscripts, among which
a lot of unique and unique in the world.
Regulation of scientific and technical activity in republic is carried out by
a known principle of the state support of development of a science and innovational
activity, This principle provides orientation to final scientific and
technological results, stimulation of a competition of intellectual production,
effective functioning of the economic - legal mechanisms determining the
responsibility of participants of scientific and technical and innovational activity for results of
work and target use of public funds.
The important value in Uzbekistan is given to protection of laws of the intellectual property.
In republic the effective patent system is created. Since 1993 of Uzbekistan is
a member of the World organization of intellectual property (ВОИС) and участникомчетырех
the major international agreements in this sphere:
- The convention on establishment VOIS;
- The Parisian convention on guarding the industrial property;
- Contracts on patent cooperation;
- The Madrid agreement on the international registration of marks.
In Uzbekistan the system of tax privileges for proprietors and users
of objects of the industrial property operates, providing clearing of the
tax to the income and the tax to currency proceeds which economically stimulates lawful
use of results of scientific and technical creativity in various branches
of a national economy of republic and creates favourable conditions for introduction of
advanced foreign technologies.
As a result of the accepted economic and legal measures in republic
the market of scientific and technical production and objects of the intellectual property develops.
The legislative base of Uzbekistan regulating legal relations in
the field of guarding and use of objects of the intellectual property, includes
Laws " About trade marks and service marks ", " About the inventions,
useful models and industrial samples ", " About a right protection of
the computer programs and databases ", " About selection achievements ".
In Uzbekistan it is created and the infrastructure of national patent system develops.
Its(her) basic agency is the State patent department
of the State Committee of a Republic of Uzbekistan on a science and equipment. His(its) structure
includes Agency on a right protection of the computer programs and databases and Agency
on a right protection of selection achievements.
Manpower of a Republic of
Uzbekistan and their employment
Number of a manpower (thousand person)
Densities of a manpower in an aggregate number of
the Population in ()
Number of a manpower borrowed(occupied) in economy (thousand
In total on a Republic of Uzbekistan
< > 8680.0
The Andizhan area
The Dzhizak area
The Kashkadarinskai area
The Namangan area
The Samarkand area
The Surkhan-Darya area
The Tashkent area
The Fergana area
The Khorezm area
City of Tashkent
Birth rate, death rate and natural
increase of the population of a Republic of Uzbekistan
Number born (on 1000 person)
Number died (on 1000 person)
Natural increase of the population (on 1000 person)