The chemical industry of Uzbekistan from time of its(her) creation was
guided mainly by manufacture of mineral fertilizers. Significant development
has received manufacture of chemical means of protection of plants, chemical fibres
and strings, synthetic washing-up liquids, paint and varnish materials, spirit, general
mechanical rubber articles.
Complex development of the enterprises of the chemical industry of a Republic of
Uzbekistan is referred to priority nation-wide problems(tasks) of the present stage of
development of economy.
The chemical industry having in significant industrial, raw
and scientific and technical potential represents one of key
economic branches of economy of republic. On its(her) share it is necessary more than 5 % of a total internal
and up to 12 % of production of the industry. Number borrowed(occupied) in branch - about 45
thousand person. With manufacture of chemical production it is borrowed(occupied) about 40 enterprises
of branch, mainly with high technology and the big individual capacity
of the units which are letting out production on quality, appropriate to the world standards.
Primary goal of branch is essential reduction of volumes of import of
raw material by development of new kinds of production, with the purpose of achievement of raw independence
by especially important kinds of production.
Achievement of an object in view assumes expansion of the nomenclature and increase
of competitiveness of exported production, increase
of an export potential of branch is provided due to use of local resources, realization
of modernisation and reconstruction of working manufactures, creation
of the joint enterprises with foreign partners and attraction of foreign investments.
The basis of present-day structure of branch is defined(determined), mainly, with the advanced manufacture
of mineral fertilizers, first of all nitric and phosphoric on which share it
is necessary more than half of gross output of branch. The accelerated rates last years
manufacture and processing of synthetic materials and polymers,
and also manufacture of the consumer goods develops.
The government of republic authorizes the developed(unwrapped) Program of complex development
of the enterprises of the chemical industry of republic for 1998-2002 years. The important feature
of the accepted Program is that the prevailing part of investment projects
will be carried out by wide attraction of foreign investments and capitals
under a guarantee of the Government of republic.
Performance of this program will allow to increase manufacture of chemical production
as a whole on branch more than in 3 times (approximately about 400 million dollars. USA in 1997г.
up to 1,2-1,3 billion US dollars in 2002), including on the involved objects
and manufactures - up to 5 times. Thus export of production on branch will
increase about 51 million US dollars in 1997 up to more than 600 million US dollars in 2002,
and. Annual volume импортозамещения - according to 29 up to 290 million dollars. USA.
The branch structure of the chemical industry essentially(much) will change. Densities
of release of new kinds of production amounts to about 40 percents. At absolute
growth of release of mineral fertilizers their share in structure of manufacture of
branch now has decreased to 60-65 % and the further decrease(reduction)
up to 45 - 47 % by 2002 is provided.
The Program includes 23 investment projects a total cost more than
3,5 billion US dollars which realization is planned to be carried out due to attraction
of foreign investments in volume more than 2 billion US dollars and up to 1,5
billion US dollars in national currency.
Creation of a raw-material base for steady development of the chemical industry and
other branches of a national economy is stipulated to carry out due to end
of construction till 2002, the largest in Central Asia Кунградского of
a soda factory which will decide not only a problem of full maintenance of needs(requirements) of republic,
but also export to other countries кальцинированной and каустической soda, table
Second-order construction Кызылкумского of phosphoritic combine is called to
solve a problem of creation of an own reliable raw-material base for manufacture of
phosphoric fertilizers and full satisfaction in them of needs(requirements) of republic for the
nearest two years.
Development Тюбегатанского of a deposit of potash salts by 2002-2003 years
will allow to provide an agriculture of republic and the countries of the Central Asia with
potash fertilizers of a domestic production. Development of
the feasibility report on the project, which cost makes 187 million dollars. USA (without charges on financing),
it is executed by French group " Софремин ".
Manufacture of phosphoric fertilizers will develop with use of
technology of nitrate decomposition of phosphates. Creation of manufactures фосфороорганических
connections is provided on the basis of deep processing Кызылкумских of phosphorites. In these purposes
realization of radical reconstruction and modernization of working manufactures
of the Samarkand chemical plant and Алмалыкского production
association "Аммофос" is planned.
The program provides radical reconstruction and modernization of
the enterprises of the nitric industry - production associations " Fergana Nitrogen ",
" Навои Nitrogen " "Электрохимпром".
The major direction of the concept is development of manufacture of chemical means
of protection of plants domestic формуляции. The opportunity of manufacture of
various kinds формуляции exists on joint-stock company " joint venture - Электрохимзавод " (. Навои).
Also development of new kinds of chemical production as bases for
realization of structural and technological changes in the chemical industry is provided.
Cellulose, first of all, concern to them the organization of manufacture каустической soda,
chlorine, a hydrochloric acid, disinfectants, fibres and strings chemical,
from линта, меламина, paint and varnish materials etc.
In a package of perspective development of branch there are technical both offers
on preparation and realizations within the nearest 10 years some more several
large investment projects with a tentative estimation of their cost more
than in 2,5 billion dollars. USA.