The analysis of the Russian import and export of vegetable canned food
The analysis of the Russian import and export of vegetable canned food
In 2001 of one of the all-Russian tendencies has become sharp increase of volumes of import. In first half of last year volumes of import have grown more than on 30 %. And delivery of vegetable canned food did not become exception. Volumes of import of vegetable canned food continue to grow, having saved the tendency which has begun in 2000 (see rice 1). For nine months 2001 to Russia according to the State customs committee (State Customs Committee) it was imported 206 thousand tons of vegetable canned food (not including juices, tomato sauce and paste) for the sum 88,3 million dollars. It on 22 % is more in comparison with a similar parameter of the previous 2000. Within all 2000 into Russia it was imported 228 thousand tons of vegetable canned food. It on 40 % exceeds a parameter of the previous 1999. Thus it is necessary to take into account, that official given customs statistics rather poorly reflect true dynamics(changes) and the sizes of import of import production to Russia, the significant part (roughly equal on volume to legal import) vegetable preservation acts in the country from abroad in the illegal way. The government different measures tries to counteract this process, in particular subjecting to updating the customs. In 2001 the customs on vegetable canned food were reduced with 20 up to 15 %.
Table 1. Dynamics(changes) of import deliveries of tinned vegetables in 1998-2000 years (according to the State Customs Committee), thousand tons.
The green peas and the corn traditionally used by the Russian mistresses for preparation of various salads, still, concern to the most popular vegetable canned food. But last years they were a little pressed with tinned olives and olives. The commodity structure of official import deliveries of natural vegetable canned food in 2000 is submitted on fig. 2. If in 1999 the leading position in structure of import was borrowed(occupied) with a tinned green peas (40 %) in 2000 the leader became tinned olives and olives (66 %). Really, tinned olives and olives, despite of them be relative higher in comparison with горошком and corn the price, last years fast rates began to win popularity at the Russian consumers. Indirectly it proves to be true also the data of last interrogations of consumers. The leading place in consumption of purchased vegetable canned food borrows(occupies) a green peas: 43,6 % - on Russia, 64,4 – on Moscow, 57,7 % - on With - Петербургу. It(him) follow tinned corn, various соленья and olives. It is remarkable, that tinned olives consume 29,4 % of the interrogated Moscow families while in Russia as a whole and in About this parameter much below and makes accordingly 12,6 and 16,5 %. The explanation can be and another: it is possible to assume also, that a part of foreign deliveries tinned горошка and corn have simply departed « in a shadow », перейдя in sector of " illegal import ». However, on results of 9 months 2001 the parity(ratio) again has changed. The first place the green peas and corn (on 29 %), on the second – have divided olives and olives (14 %). As to pickled production then the first place last years belongs to cucumbers – 71 % (9 months 2001).
The unconditional leader on import of vegetable canned food to Russia in 2001, as well as last years there is a Hungary – 44 % from total amount (see fig. 3). On the second place with very big separation there is a Spain (8 %), on the third – Poland and Germany (on 7 %). However if to consider statistics of import and export of vegetable preservation on two basic groups – canned food without use of an acetic acid (natural canned food, vegetable mixes) and marinades distribution will be a little bit others.
The greatest quantity(amount) of natural vegetable canned food according to the State Customs Committee in 2000 was imported from Hungary (98,1 thousand tons and 23,7 million dollars), Spain (16,9 thousand tons and 22,2 thousand dollars), on the third Poland (11,3 thousand tons and 7,2 thousand dollars) further followed. Year earlier, in 1999 the first place on natural and to cost indexes Hungary (also borrowed(occupied) 18,5 thousand tons and 18,5 million dollars), and the second position on natural parameters – Moldova (11,7 thousand tons), with a third - Spain (8,1 thousand tons). However on cost indexes of import 1999 the second position was borrowed(occupied) with Poland (10,1 million dollars) and with a third Moldova (6,3 million dollars). On results of 9 months 2001 on the first place also Hungary (65,4 thousand tons and 15,8 thousand dollars), on the second – Spain (15,4 thousand tons and 7 thousand dollars), on the third – Poland (11,4 thousand tons and 17 thousand дол).
The leader in deliveries of tinned vegetable marinades in 2000 according to the State Customs Committee was Moldova (14,7 thousand tons and 5,6 million dollars), behind it(her) followed Hungary (7,8 thousand tons and 2,0 million dollars) and Ukraine (5,0 thousand tons and 1,5 million dollars). In 1999 the largest supplier of pickled vegetables was Hungary (19,8 thousand tons), Moldova was on the second place (11,9 thousand tons), on the third Bulgaria (10,8 thousand tons). In cost expression the rating of countries - suppliers had some other order: Moldova (5,7 million dollars), Hungary (5,5 million dollars), Bulgaria (4,2 million dollars). On results of 9 months 2001 on the first place - Kazakhstan (55,9 thousand tons and 3,7 million dollars), on the second – Туркмения (18,5 thousand tons and 1,2 million dollars), on the third – Ukraine (8,1 thousand tons and 3,1 million dollars).
In 2000 and 2001 leaders on purchase of vegetable canned food were Moscow and the Moscow area. On their share it is necessary accordingly about 50 % and 21 % from all volume of imported vegetable canned food (on results of 9 months 2001). On the third place there is a Saint Petersburg – 20 %.
Within 9 months 2001 vegetable canned food imported more than 650 firms and private businessmen. Among the largest on volumes of purchases it is possible to name such Moscow firms as Open Company " РЕАЛТОРГИМПОРТ ", Open Company « ФРИТО LEU ДИСТРИБЬЮШН », and also two firms from Moscow suburbs - Open Company " Храпуново ", Open Company " КРЕЛ-ИМПЕКС ". By private businessmen it is imported about 5 % from total amount.
As to packing for the most part of the vegetable canning production imported to Russia, it is used iron bank. About 70 % of canned food the rest is delivered in iron banks, – glass.
Volumes of the Russian export of vegetable canned food are insignificant in comparison with volumes of import. So, for 9 months 2001 the volume of export of vegetable canned food has made 3,1 thousand tons for the sum 2,9 million dollars. In 2000 export of natural vegetable canned food has made 3,1 thousand tons for the sum 1,6 million dollars, marinades – 0,2 thousand tons for the sum of 177,2 thousand dollars. The largest export deliveries, both natural vegetable preservation, and marinades in 1999, 2000 and 2001 were directed to Kazakhstan being the largest Russian trading partner from Near Foreign countries. Also the considerable share from total amount of export was borrowed(occupied) with deliveries to Tadjikistan, Mongolia and Ukraine.
The most part of production which goes on export, vegetable mixes, tinned without addition of vinegar or an acetic acid make. On results of 9 months 2001 their share in total amount of export has made 34 %. The second place borrows(occupies) tinned горошек - 22 %.
Comments: in given article 2001 and 2005 codes ТН foreign trade activities were considered.
In article were used: a database of the State customs committee, a database of the State committee according to the Russian Federation, the given researches of the market of the tinned vegetable production, carried out(spent) by the Inter-regional marketing centre "Moscow" in October, - November 2001.
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